Taking the “Dis” Out of Disabled
Although various public amenities for disabled people are available, they are not always helpful. For instance, some disabled toilets are hard to use for those in a wheelchair even though the toilets are within the law’s guidelines. The Universal Toilet aims to make public environments more accessible and more inclusive. It incorporates universal design principles in a way that creates a toilet equally useable by all members of society and prevents people from feeling singled out for their disability.

The Universal Toilet considers all requirements for a toilet, such as target users, space and facility expenses. The design also incorporates a sink. Its major feature is its adaptability to both the disabled and non-disabled through the dual-function backboard and chest board. It also offers considerable space efficiencies, requiring only a quarter of the space of a standard disabled toilet. In addition, it conserves water by recycling the water used in the attached sink.

One for All
Disabled people don’t want dedicated facilities. What they really want is to live seamlessly with everyone. The Universal Toilet is a flexible toilet design concept that prevents the disabled and the aged from being self-conscious about their limitations. It eliminates the need for public facilities to have both handicapped-dedicated and standard toilets a significant step that would go a long way in better integrating all people in to society.

While the current requirements for handicapped-accessible toilets are an improvement over past conditions, these facilities can alienate the people they are trying to help. For instance, the signage on these toilets showing a person in wheelchair may lead to feelings of rejection. Disabled people who are not in a wheelchair may feel that the facility is useable by wheelchair-users only, leaving them to struggle with a standard toilet. Such signs also earmark users as separate from mainstream society.

The requirement that public places need to have facilities for the disabled is a narrow interpretation of the law that has negative undertones, suggesting that concessions are being made. A broader, more inclusive interpretation would classify handicapped facilities as ones that the disabled may use without any discomfort a more eloquent solution.

The designs of most toilets for the disabled have been concerned with functional and mechanical considerations, but none of them address the emotional components of a disability. By creating a toilet that is equally useable by everyone, there is no longer a need for special signage or for disabled people to feel singled out by dedicated facilities.

The Universal Toilet delivers innovation by accommodating the needs of the disabled and able-bodied in one design. We envisioned a toilet that extends beyond a simple concept to meet everyone’s needs and in the process brings harmony to all.
The form of the Universal Toilet is similar enough to a standard toilet that able-bodied people feel comfortable using it. And because the design doesn’t scream “disabled,” disabled people don’t feel embarrassed to use it.

With the Universal Toilet, wheelchair users don’t need to turn or twist but can simply slide forward off the wheelchair directly onto the toilet. There is a chest board they can lean against for added stability and comfort. Handles on the chest board can also be helpful when standing or transferring to and from the wheelchair. For people that have limited dexterity or strength and the able-bodied, the chest board becomes a backboard to lean against.

The places where the wheelchair would come in contact with the toilet are wrapped in steel to prevent damage to the toilet’s finish. And the surfaces on the toilet that come in contact with the human body are treated with a special coating to mitigate coldness.

Offering Potential
The market penetration potential of the Universal Toilet is increasing. With the rise in the number of elderly people, many companies are pursuing business ideas targeted to this group. The Universal Toilet would be ideal for this demographic. In Japan, where a low birth rate is coupled with the rapidly rising age of the population, the size of the senior citizen market was estimated to be 40 trillion yen in 2001, and it is expected to grow to 100 trillion yen by 2015. As a result, many Japanese companies are working hard to establish strategies to embrace this group.
In addition to their direct financial potential, integrated toilets like the Universal Toilet enable more efficient use of space as well as water savings, helping companies to reduce costs and to provide better services to their customers. Any device that helps people feel more a part of society is sure to win hearts.
Universal Toilet
By Changduk Kim and Youngki Hong

The Universal Toilet is equally usable by all members of society. The inclusive design includes a separate chest board for wheelchair users to lean against, which removes the social stigma associated with separate disabled toilets and thereby prevents people from feeling singled out due to their disability. Another excellent design feature of The Universal Toilet is that it conserves water by recycling the water used in the attached sink. Its major feature is its adaptability to both the disabled and non-disabled through the dual-function backboard and chest board. It also offers considerable space efficiencies, requiring only a quarter of the space of a standard disabled toilet.

Concept for curving,graceful toilet that allows wheelchair users and everyone else to slide forward directlyonto a toilet. Removes social stigma while improving lifestyle.A separate chest board to lean against adds stability.

Convenient toilet for handicapped and normal people.Weelchair users can forwardly move from wheelchair to toilet bowl.Weelchair users directly wash hands and face in place after finishingpeeing and bowel movement.
This usable for sitting facing front in which a weelchair user as well asan ordinary person can use a toilet in the same manner as a conventionalrear side-facing toilet bowl.This toilet bowl system takes significantly less space than ordinary toilet system.

Intellectual property is protected
Target Country / Area All Countries
Patent Status / Registered PCT
Country / Registered Republic of korea

UT changduk kim Vimeo.

Patent & Awards
2008 Resistered Patents Republic of Korea
2007 Application PCT (Patent Cooperation Treaty)
2008 Received a gold prize at Korea Invention Patent Exhibition
2007 Received a gold prize, the highest prize at IDEA
2007 Received the 1st prize, the highest prize at iF Award Lebens(t)raeume
2006 Received the Best of the Best prize, the highest prize at red - dot Design Concept Award

Korea Invention Patent Exhibition..Seoul, Korea 2008
London 100% design.,London,UK 2008
Milan Fuorisalone. .Zona Tortona.,milan,Italy 2008
DESIGN KOREA.,seoul, Korea 2007
international Toilet & Bath Expo.,seoul, Korea 2007
IDEA (Industrial Design Excellence Award)exhibition IDSA., San Francisco,USA 2007
iF competition Lebens(t)raeume Trade fairground..Nuremberg, Germany 2007
red - dot award: design concept winners special exhibition., Singapore 2006

CNN "Designers challenged to include disabled"(Global) 2008
BusinessWeek magazine "Great Enablers"(USA) 2007
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization. "Young inventor"(Swiss) 2008
CNN "A peek inside the homes of the future"(Global) 2008
AXIS “Korean design from London Design Week”(Japan) 2008
ELLE Dekor in November issue (Serbia) 2008
Frame magazine (Netherlands) 2008
Loft Publications "150 best Bathroom Ideas (Spain)2008
DDBAGNO Italian magazine (Italy) 2008
DDE Milano "Bathroom Design and Culture of water" (Italy) 2008
Designdiffusion (Italy) 2008
Magazine (china) 2008
MR magazine (Hong Kong) 2008
Space Magazine (China) 2008
Editoriale Domus (Italy) 2008EDIMPRESA(Portugal) 2008
Damnmagazine( Belgium) 2008
Spice India Today "must have luxe home products for high living"(india) 2008
Kitchens & Bathrooms (UK) 2008House Magazine (Greece) 2008
I-Design Publishing (Thailand) 2008
Commercial Interiors magazine (UK) 2008
Lifestyle magazine(Israel) 2008kitchen and bathroom" magazine (Turkey) 2008
Loft Publications"Restroom Design" (Spain) 2007
Weekly newspaper DIE ZEIT (Germany) 2007
Designer magazine (UK) 2007
Red-dot Award Yearbook (Germany) 2007
Fengshang Weekly magazine (China) 2007
IDEA Yearbook "Fall 2007 issue of Innovation IDEA Yearbook"(USA) 2007
Red-dot Award Yearbook.2006 (Germany) 2006

“If you have any questions, do not hesitate to email me.”

Contact: kim.changduk@gmail.com

copyrightⓒ 2007 Changduk Kim & Youngki Hong. All rights reserved.

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